Baden Bei Wien: An Example of Perfect Architecture and Buildings

Baden Bei Wien is considered as the spa town of Austria. It also works as the capital of Baden district which is located in lower Austria. The location of this city is 26 km away from the south region of Vienna. The municipality of Baden Bei Wien comprises cadastral Baden, Leezdorf, Mitterberg, Gamingerhof, Braaten, Weikersdorf and Rubenstein. 

This city was located at the mouth of Schwechat River’s St Helena Valley at Vienna woods range. This city got this unique name from its 13 different types of hot springs. Each hot spring varies from a temperature range of 72 to 97° F. The hot springs of this city also contain lime sulfate. The hottest springs exist at the lower part of Mt Calvary which is 1070 feet high. 

The highest point of this area is called the Iron Gate which is 2825 feet high and it takes 3 hours to climb its erected peak. 

For knowing about the history of this city you need to go back to Roman times. In Roman times the celebrities are known by the name of Aquae Cetiae and Thermae Pannonia. Some of the ruins of the celebrities are still available. The period was written as Padun in the deeds of Romans. The Abbey of Heiligenkreuz’s Romanesque was constructed in the 11th century. 

This church becomes the place of their burial for the members of the Babenberg family. A castle Rauheneck was constructed on the right side of the riverbank at the starting of the valley. This castle was constructed in the 12th century. Another castle on the other side of the river Rauhenstein was constructed in the 12th century. The town got its legal rights in 1480. But at the same time, this city was getting sacked by the Hungarians and the Turks. But it has flourished again several times.

This town got heavily damaged by the fire in 1812 but at the same time, it will again rebuild their buildings with even more beautiful architecture. This thing became reality because of Joseph Kornhausel who was an architect and constructed the whole city with Biedermeier style. This style is sometimes called Biedermeierstadt. Archduke Charles who was the victor of Aspern constructed the Chateau Weilburg in the lower part of Rauheneck. They constructed this building between 1820 to 1825. 

This is connected with the railways running between Graz and Vienna. This connection led to the thousands of visitors every year who come from Viennese to take the water from the river. These visitors also include the members of the Imperial family. The imperial family constructed a lot of buildings nearby the location. The town has a theatre, casino, and a military hospital. 

The famous composer Ludwig van Beethoven also stayed at Baden many times and whenever he visited he would only go to the local tourist spots. The current location of Rathausgasse now constructed as a museum that is opened for the public. Mayerling is another spot for hunting and this place is 6.4 km above the valley. This place is also called as the Prince Rudolf’s murder-suicide. The first export from this place is of steel razors which are of premium quality. 

The city theatre was built by Ferdinand Fellner in 1909. When the First World War starts this city becomes Vienna’s principal resort and more than 20,000 people come here every year. The number of visitors coming here yearly is double the total population of the city. There are a lot of cure houses that contain 15 separate bathrooms in them. Not only have the separate bathrooms they also contain separated parks for each and everybody. 

During the war period, this city will become a temporary seat for the Austro Hungarian commands. A casino was established in 1934 which makes this city a premier resort in the whole of Austria. The famous building of Baden Chateau Weilburg was destroyed during the Second World War. After World War 2 Baden became the headquarters for the Soviet forces till 1955. 

You can easily reach this city by Sud Autobahn and this city is also linked with the Sudbahn railways. You can also go there through tram-train which starts from Vienna. 

Kurt Staska was a Burgermeister of Baden Bei Wien and she won the elections of 2015. Unfortunately, she resigned from her position at the end of 2016 and the new mayor of Baden is Stefan Szirucsek and the new deputy chief minister of Baden is Helga Krismer. 


The population of Baden Bei Wien in 1971 was 22,727 and it will be increased by 0.4 percent as in 2014 the population becomes 25,229.

Popular faces

1. Louis V.Arco

He was an Austrian actor and he is from Lutz Altschul which is in Baden. This city is about 5 miles away from Vienna. He started his career with a silent movie named Liebesfeuer which was released in 1925. Then after this movie, he worked in another silent movie named Sacco und Vanzetti. 

He did his last silent movie in 1929 whose name is Napolean at Saint Helena. This movie e is based on Napoleon’s life. This movie was directed by Lupu Pick. The director loves to make the silent movies but he does not cop up with the talkies and did suicide in 1931 in Berlin.

2. Vincent Bach

He was an Austrian musician and instrument maker. He also started his corporation which he named Vincent Bach- Corporation. He was the local resident of Baden bei Wein. He started his career playing violin but then he became the youth icon for playing trumpet when he was at the age of 12. He became so popular that when he was 15 he himself bought a rotary valve trumpet. 

He wants to become a popular musician but his career was not supported by his family. He graduated from Maschinenbau Schule university with engineering as his stream. He also served as the personnel in the Austro Hungarian Navy.

3. Hugo Bettauer

He was an Austrian journalist and writer but he got killed by the Nazi Party because he opposes him on the grounds of antisemitism. He was a very famous person until he was alive, many of his books have become the bestselling books. He also stepped towards the film industry in 1920 he probably wanted to work in Die freudlose Gasse. 

This is a movie that usually deals with the problem of prostitution. His full name was Maximilian Hugo Bettauer but he mostly has known the name of Hugo Bettauer. He was the local resident of Baden Bei Wien and he was also born here in 1872 he was the son of a stockbroker. 

4. Caterina Canzi

She was a very famous soprano who usually sang songs in operas. She also worked in the operas of Europe. She was selected for the role of Isolde in the Lindpaintner`s Der Vampyr and the main role that she got was in Mercadante`s Nitocris. She was born in Baden and was a local resident of Baden. 

Her parents died when she was very young then she lived with her uncle who was an Army officer and also ran a theatre at that time. She completed her studies from Antonio Saleri which was in Vienna and made her acting debut in 1821. After continuing her further studies at Milan Conservatory she got selected for the role of Rossini in Zelmira and in the same year she made her debut as La Scala in Rosina.

5. Mario Dorner

He was an Austrian football player who played at the forward position in the team. He played several matches for Darlington in the Football League. He was also a local resident of Baden Bei Wien and born here in 1970. He started his career in 1990 with the SR Donaufeld team and then he played for several teams till 2008. He ended up playing football in 2008. 

6. Lucie Englisch 

She was an Austrian actress who was born in Baden bei Wien. She did a lot of films like The Night Belongs to Us in 1929, Three Days Confined to Barracks in 1930, End of the Rainbow in 1930, Rooms to Let in 1930, The Widow’s Ball in 1930, The Rhineland Girl in 1930, Two People in 1930, Twice Married in 1930, Rendezvous in 1930, My Leopold in 1931, Such a Greyhound in 1931, Schubert’s Dream of Spring in 1931, Hooray, It’s a Boy1 in 1931, The Unfaithful Eckehart in 1931, Without Meyer, No Celebration is Complete in 1931, Peace of Mind in 1931, The Big Attraction in 1931, Terror of the Garrison in 1931, Duty Is Duty in 1931, The Countess of Monte Cristo in 1932, Gretel Wins First Prize in 1933, The Sandwich Girl in 1933, The Valiant Navigator in 1935, The Fight with the Dragon in 1935, The Postman from Longjumeau in 1936, Where the Lark Sings in 1936, The Unsuspecting Angel in 1936, The Vagabonds in 1937 and Marionette in 1939.

7. Bert Fortell

He was an Austrian actor and he did films like Arena of Death in 1953, The Czar and the Carpenter in 1956, Mazurka der Liebe in 1957, The Girl Without Pyjamas in 1957, Two Bavarians in the Jungle in 1957, Wetterleuchten um Maria [de] in 1957, Almenrausch und Edelweiss in 1957, The Goalkeeper’s Fear of the Penalty in 1972 and The Salzburg Connection in 1972.

8. Josef Frank

He was an Austrian architect, designer, and artist but he took the citizenship of Swedish in half of his life. The built the Vienna school of Architecture with the help of Oskar Strnad. He also influenced his methods of housing, interiors, and modern houses. His family was from Hungary as his father, mother and his brother were Hungarian but because he was born in Baden bei Wien he was considered as Austrian. 

He himself designed the graves of his parents in Vienna’s Central Cemetery. He got the knowledge of architecture from the Vienna University of Technology. He migrated to Sweden in 1933 when he got the citizenship of Swedish citizenship. 

9. Mizzi Griebl

She was an Austrian actress and stage actress. She got a lot of roles in silent movies and in the era of digital movies. Some of her famous movies are Oh, Dear Augustine in 1922, Fatme’s Rescue in 1922, The Iron King in 1923, The City Without Jews in 1924, The Family without Morals in 1927, What Price Love? in 1929, Devotion in 1929, The Uncle from Sumatra in 1930, General Babka in 1930, Shadows of the Past in 1936, Hannerl and Her Lovers in 1936. 

10. Marianne Hainish

She was the founder of women’s rights in Austria and she was the mother of Michael Hanisch who was the president of Austria from 1920 to 1928. She was also born in Baden bei Wien in 1839. Her mother worked with the tutors so that they will teach Marianne and her siblings. 

Her father was the owner of a factory in Hirtenberg. She got married to an industrialist in 1857 and she had two children with him. But in 1868 she and her family moved to Vienna because in the American Civil war the business of her father got affected very badly that’s why they have to shift from Baden to Vienna. She got a big change in her life when one of her friends had no employment and she is finding work so that she can earn for her ill husband. But even after trying so hard, she is not able to get the job. 


With the final words, we will suggest you visit this city at least once because of its amazing architecture and the stories about it. We hope that after reading this article you have a brief knowledge about Baden bei Wien and if you are planning to visit this city then go ahead and we hope that you will enjoy your journey. 

Featured hotels Baden, Austria

EdenHotel Restaurant Eden

Rooms from: € 59.00
Hotel Restaurant Eden enjoys a quiet yet strategic location in the historic spa town of Baden bei Wien, 26 km from the Austrian capital city of Vienna. The establishment is just steps from the city centre and in the close proximity if several excellent thermal baths, well served by the local public transport – tram and bus lines, providing easy access to all areas of the city, as well as to the nearby capital, which can be accessed in only 40 minutes by tram. Kind and attentive multilingual staff will welcome you in this charming 4 star Baden hotel. On-site services include fitness, solarium, sauna, private parking, restaurant, Wi-Fi, bar and garden with barbeque.

Villa GutenbrunnBoutique Hotel Villa Gutenbrunn

Rooms from: € 82.00
Villa Gutenbrunn is a luxury 4 star boutique hotel, housed in a gorgeous Biedermeier manor house, where the famous composer Beethoven used to spend his summers. It is situated right in the centre of Baden bei Wien, directly connected via its own private corridor to the largest spa centre of the city – the Roman Thermal Baths / Römertherme, just steps from the atmospheric main square – Hauptplatz, 1.3 km from the train station. Facilities at this exclusive historic establishment include private on-site parking space, splendid lounge with a glass roof and live piano music, Wi-Fi Internet throughout the property and modernly equipped room for seminars.

SauerhofGrand Hotel Sauerhof

Rooms from: € 80.00
Grand Hotel Sauerhof is an ideal accommodation choice for a truly romantic and luxury vacation or a useful business event in Baden bei Wien – a beautiful spa town in Lower Austria, just a short drive (26 km) or 40 minutes by public transport from Vienna. The establishment is housed in an original historic palace in the characteristic for the region Biedermeier architectural style, set amidst its own private estate of lovely landscaped gardens on the banks of the river, just steps from the central pedestrian area around the main square with the Late Gothic Rathaus (City Hall) and close to the largest spa complex – the Roman Thermal Baths, 1 km from the train station.

Admiral am Kurpark

Rooms from: € 89.00
Admiral am Kurpark is a modern 4 star hotel boasting a prime town centre location close to Kurpark at the foot of the beautiful Badener Mountain, just meters from the Congress Centre, Römertherme Spa, the main pedestrian shopping and sightseeing area, 1 km from the Thermal Complex and its delightful sandy beach, 1.2 km from the train station. Guests are welcomed in an elegant lounge area with 24-hour reception desk, luggage storage, safe, lobby bar and internet access point. They can park their car on site taking advantage of the secured private hotel’s parking. Furthermore, the establishment offers spa and wellness area with sauna, steam bath and solarium, free Wi-Fi access throughout the building, panoramic terrace, 22 air-conditioned rooms and suites.