Linz: A City Popular for its Hospitality

Linz is the German word and the meaning of this word is Czech. This is a city in Austria and is known as the third-largest city there. It is the capital of the Upper Austria state and is counted as the largest city in that area. Linz is located in the center of Austria from the northern side and the distance of this city is about 30 kilometers from the borders of the Czech.

Linz is also present on either side of the Danube River that flows there. It consists of 205,726 people in its city and is the most populated area because the rest 789,811 population of the city lives in the conurbation of Greater Linz.

Linz city is situated in the district of the statutory city. This city covers an area of 95.99 km^2 and has an elevation of about 266 meters. The city held a density of about 210/km^2. There are about 271,234 numbers of metros running and serving the requirements of the people.

Linz was selected as the European Capital of Culture along with the Lithuanian who have Vilnius as its capital and this was done in the year 2009. Linz is connected with the network of UNESCO Creative Cities as the City of Media Arts on December 1, 2014.

This title is given when the cities live in the style of urban people and also keeps in mind the sponsorship and successful integration of media art. In all these tasks and also in their electronic art, they include the society for better results and also for better implications. The famous product of the city is Linzer torte, which is a kind of delicious cake and is one of the dishes in the city. Its first recipe was introduced in the year 1653.

Geography

Linz is present in the center of Europe. It is located on the west-east axis of the Paris-Budapest and on the north-south axis of the Malmo-Trieste. The best location to visit in the city is the Danube and this is the only transport connection that is present in the city.

Linz covers 29.27% of its land with grass which is about 96km^2 area out of its total land. The 17.95% of the remaining land is covered with the dense forests and the remaining experiences a lot of water and land and also the traffic issues.

The city is further divided into 16 districts in the year 2014 in January. Some of the names of the districts are Urfahr, Kaplanhof, Spallerhof, Innere Stadt, Dornach-Auhof, Postlingberg, Neue Heimat and many more. Before this, it was divided into nine districts and 36 statistical quarters.

The name of some of the districts is St. Peter, Ebelsberg, Lustenau, Kleinmunchen, Innenstadt, Postlingberg, Waldegg, St. Magdalena and also the Urfahr. The names of some of the districts existed before 2014 and also after that and many new districts were during and after 2014.

History

The city got its name in the AD 799 and was originally founded by the people of Romans. They named the city Lentia instead of Linz.

The Lentia city was used as a provincial and also as a local government for the Holy Roman Empire. The city was an important place for the Roman Empire as it was used as a trading point which helps in connecting with several routes. It helps in connecting with Bohemia from the west direction and Poland from the north.

From the east side it helps in connecting with the Danube river and from the southern sides it connects with Italy and Balkans. It became the most important city after the stay of the Habsburg Emperor Friedrich III before his death but all this was for a shorter time span. After the death of the Emperor, the city lost its connection with Vienna and Prague which are the beautiful places and this is also done in the year 1493.

One of the important thing of the city was the inhabitation of the Johannes Kepler who was a mathematician and an astronomer of the age of discovery-era. He taught many mathematics to many of the students for the time being he lived in the city.

On May 15, 1618 he discovered a distance-cubed-over-time-squared or third for explaining the law of motion of planets. There was also an university opened whose name was given on the name of the Johannes Kepler and the name of the university was Johannes Kepler University.

There are many other famous people who lived in the city and one of them is Anton Bruckner. He lived there for about 13 years from 1855 to 1868 and worked as a local composer and also in the Old Cathedral as an organist in Linz. The place named as Brucknerhaus is made and named after him.

Adolf Hitler who is famous for his hard behavior was born in Austrian town known as Braunau am Inn which is located near the German border. In his childhood he was shifted to the Linz and spent his maximum there. He lived there for about nine years from 1898 to 1907 and then later shifted to Vienna. His family lived at Leonding in a village which is present at the outskirts of the town and then shifted to the Humboldtstrasse which is in Linz.

After receiving his education from Leonding in the elementary class then in his high or secondary school he joined the Realschule similar to the Ludwig Wittgenstein who was the philosopher by profession. Before his death, Hitler tried to build envisioned extensive architectural schemes for the Linz and always considered it as his hometown.

He also built a new Fuhrermuseum which was very big in size and was specially built for keeping the arts that are looted by him. He also tried to make this place the cultural center for the Third Reich and by this he wanted to end the existence of Vienna because he hate that place a lot. For providing the funds and for making the place economically sound, he initiated the industrialization during and also before the Second World War. 

Adolf Eichmann who was the Holocaust architect and was very notorious also took his education from the Linz. Till the end of the Second World War, Hitler earned the tremendous love among the people because of the musical composition that was launched by Anton Bruckner and because of all this Hitler converted St. Florian monastery in Linz.

There Bruckner played an organ against the Hitler and got buried and later a repository was created for the Bruckner’s manuscript. Hitler aborted the use of monks and use of them from the buildings construction and in a personal way he paid the amount for restoring the organs and also for the institution that was named as Bruckner study center. Hitler also provided the amount for the collection of Haas which he used it for the Bruckner’s task.

The task of Bruckner’s work was published and also provided help by purchasing the material from the library. Bruckner Symphony Orchestra was founded by the Hitler and the orchestra group started presenting their stuffs and concerts among the people from the fall of the 1943. He achieved almost all this dreams but some of the dreams of his life never got successful though he tried for them a lot.

One of those failures is bell tower that he wanted to build in the Linz city which would play a theme that is dedicated to the Fourth Bruckner’s Symphony. Along with the mounted guns and arms to store, there was a benzol which is an oil plant and this was exploded during a campaign of Oil on October 16, 1944. There is a camp of Mauthausen-Gasen concentration which is situated a distance of about 20 kilometers  in the direction of the east from the Linz city. 

The city council accounted for the place named as Nazi past in the year 1996. The scientific work that was spread among the people and was implemented by the municipal archives worked for the time before the year 1938 and this also includes the denazification after the year 1945.

Linz faced the Nazi past with immense power and stood against it without losing it though it was present there only. Due to these things and because of their effects on people numerous lectures, seven scientific publications and online presentations were exposed to the public on May 2001. The monuments were built for remembering the people who were killed during the National Socialism and the death rate kept on increasing with the time.

In 1988, due to high death rate in the society lead to the construction of many memorial to remember the people and all this was done on the public places. 

There were many conflicts and fights between the Linz and the Nazi past which later led to the partition of the city and renaming of some of the places and streets was also done due to this. When Nazi past was separated from Linz then about 39 streets were renamed in the year 1945 and after that from 1946 to 1987, Linz renamed the two streets.

In 1988, there were about 17 new areas that have traffic were named in the memory of the people who died in National Socialism or were resistance fighters during that time. Linz honored many of the victims and activists who fought for them in fight with Nazi and also against the Nazism. They also showed their gratitude by offering them some price amount and also by giving them medals for their bravery.

In the remembrance list there was a name of Simon Wiesenthal who was the first person to find the Jewish Documentation Center present in the Linz and was known in the year 1945. He helped the country in fighting during the Second World War.

Johannes Kepler University that was made by Johannes Kepler in 1966 was later upgraded by Linz for making the best source of education for the people of Linz and this was done in the year 1975. Johannes Kepler University is situated on the northeastern side of Linz and covers an area of about 90 acres and there is a pond surrounding the area in which it is built. This pond around the University adds beauty to the University and also provides refreshing environment to the students studying there.

Coat of arms

The word coat of arms mean the different heraldic things or bearings or shields that a person, corporation, family or country use to protect themselves in a war. Linz developed their coat of arms by using the seal image which they were using as an emblem from the year 1242. It also helped in showing the two towers that are crenelated that are present in the open gate city and also on the rocky ground.

The gate is shown as if it is standing on water and this done since 1288. A castle having two towers that look like twins are standing on a red plate and all this is displayed by the coat of arms. The towers of the castle which are twins are having three crenellations over it. There is an open door present in the towers and also have a shield that is red-white-red in color and the shield is of Austria symbol.

The medieval fortified city can be expressed by the structure and formation of the gate and towers. The city that is situated near the Danube river can be shown or predicted with the help of the wavy bars. The shield of Austria that is present on the above of the castle represents the former territorial city and makes people clear about the achievements and the bearings of the city Linz in the past years. This also helps in knowing how important was the city in the earlier times.

Population

Linz has an urban area which includes many municipalities with it and holds an average of 271,000 people living there. Linz-Wels-Steyr which is a metropolitan area includes Linz as its part and they all together lie in the Upper part of Austria. Linz is home for many people and about one-third of the state population lives there and the amount is about 460,000 people and it is also the second-largest area of the Austria which covers urban people.

There are many people who are literate and seeking for jobs and the city provides job for them. There is an availability of about 157,000 people in different sectors and can provide the eligible candidates the job. There is a problem related to these jobs and that is it only allows half of the inhabitants of the city to apply for the jobs and rest places are filled by the people of the neighboring states.

This allowance provides allowance for the people to come to the Linz leading to traffic issues and also causes many problems and even this thing affects the living style of the people as because of this rule many of them do not get opportunity to get a job in their own place. There is a percentage of about 28.1 for the people born in foreign and that adds up in the total population graph of 2018.

Climate

Linz experiences an oceanic climate which makes the overall climate as humid continental one. It follows the concept of 0°C isotherm which makes the climate continental type. Linz experiences warm summers and also quite cold winters which are very pleasant climate for a city.

Linz experiences continental climate so in winters there is snowfall and makes the place look more beautiful. The snowfall is sometimes so sense that it stays on the ground for a week or even more than that depending on the climate. This can be seen mainly in the months like January and February and the temperature reaches below the freezing point sometimes.

Economy

Linz is the major source for the economic issues that arise in Austria. Companies like Voestalpine which is one of the biggest technology companies and also a group of capital goods and Chemie Linz which is a group that sells chemicals to different companies. Voestalpine was named Hermann-Goring-Werke at the time of the Second World War and was known for the LD procedure that helps in producing the steel.

The second whose name was Chemie Linz was further divided into sub-branches for serving their customers in a better way. There many companies like them which have helped Linz maintain the economic conditions of the Austria and also of the city itself.

There is a company which have Donau-Harbors in Austria and there are three more companies that serve same thing in Austria but the best part of this company is that the location where it is situated. The location where this company is considered as the best in its logistics measures and also good trading enterprises. Manufacturing of plants can also be found in the Linz and this was done in the areas near waterfronts.

The economic goodness is due to the trade from many centuries. The major reason for National Socialism was the industrial image of the city. This is also the reason why they have the most established and successful industries in their city. There are many companies that have the maximum output, the Voestalpine AG and the Chemie Linz, are the best examples of it that are situated in the Linz and helps the city to maintain its economic status.

According to the economic basis, they have provided the maximum jobs to the people and also raised the standards of the other industries including the industries that are located in the neighboring areas. 

According to the Meeting Industry Report Austria (MIRA), Linz lies in the third position for the organizing of the congresses in Austria. Linz also holds about 7.4% share from the total number of congresses, seminars and also conferences that are organized in Austria. Linz possesses about 60 of the total event venues and congress.

The local tourism association generated a new format of organizing a conference using the help of the concept of Blue Meting. In this way of conferencing, they will focus on the needs of the every participant and will adapt the idea of green meetings. It also supports energy efficiency, regional added value, waste prevention, and climate-neutral travel.

Shopping malls

There are about thirteen total shopping malls in Linz and out of those thirteen malls, three of them are present in the area near city center and rest are present in other areas of the city. The names of the shopping malls of the city are: Atrium City Center, Shopping Mall Biesenfeld, Shopping Mall Industriezeile, Shopping Mall Kleinmünchen, Arkade, Shopping Mall Muldenstraße, Shopping Mall Wegscheid, Infra Center, Shopping Mall Auwiesen, Lentia City, Passage, EuroCenter Oed, and PRO-Kaufland. 

A study that was done by Infrapool in October 2010, it came out that the Linzer Landstraße is the street which is famous for its shopping and is the busiest place and this place is also present outside the Vienna. They noted the frequency of the people that visit the place and also those who came out to be 240,500 to 228,400. This was the counting of the people that daily passes from there and this made it the second-highest value. In the year 2005, there were many passers-by.

The name of the some of the famous shopping streets of the city Linz are Hauptstraße Urfahr, Alturfahr West in the northern side of the Linz, in the center of the city there were shopping centers like Pfarrplatz, Südbahnhofmarkt, Altstadt, Promenade, Eisenhandstraße and in the southern area, there were Franckviertel, Einkaufsviertel Wiener Straße, Kleinmünchen, Bindermichl, Ebelsberg. There is a famous mall near the city and its name is the Plus City shopping center.

Markets

There are various markets in Linz which provide different kinds of stuff for the people so that they can fulfill the demands of the people. Some of the famous markets that are set up in the city are eleven farmer’s markets, two Christmas markets, and one weekly flea market. There is a market that is arranged at the time of spring and also at the end of every year and is one of the most popular one and its name is Urfahraner Markt.

Every year, on the occasion of Christmas and New Year markets, were arranged for the people. The main objective before organizing a market was to provide the people with the basic and the needful things of the people and also keeping the economy, customer’s need and suitable as the major goal. This not only facilitates people but also helps in generating revenue for the city. Every year there organizes a market whose name is Linzer Markfruhling which happens once a year, keeps some attractive accents and lures which attracts more and more people towards them and also helps in creating new bonds with people.

Transport

Linz provides transport for the entire Austria as it covers the entire Upper part of Austria and some of the regions of the southern Bohemia. 

Linz Airport lies in the Horsching’s municipality which is about 14 kilometers away from the town. The airport can be reached easily with the help of various transport mediums and the highways that are built. The airport can be reached within 20 minutes using line no 601 while traveling with the bus. There is a free shuttle that runs from the Horsching railway station.

There are various flights that flew to different places and some of them flew directly for the places like Vienna, Frankfurt, and Dusseldorf. For some of the places, people change their flights from Linz Airport whether it is summer or winter. 

There is also a railway station that is present on the main axis of Austria and the name of the railway station is West railway. This railway station allows the running of trains that travel from Vienna to western Austria and also to the areas of Switzerland and Germany. Austrian Traffic Club has awarded the central railway station of Linz for the eight times as it is the cleanest and beautiful station among all the stations present in Austria. 

There are various transport mediums that flow on the Danube and help in connecting the Linz with other trading cities and towns. There have many industrial barges or tourist cruise ships.

For the local people, there are various ways to travel from one place to another. They can use city tram networks, trolleybus networks and also the city buses to travel inside the city. The city tram network consists of a Postlingbergbahn which is a tramway used to climb small mountains in the northeast sides.

Conclusion

Linz is a very beautiful and ancient place with many great people living there. It is one of the most famous and the most popular city in Austria and provides every facility to their inhabitants. It also has the best companies in Austria.

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